Equipment you will need
Net: For catching small fish and tadpoles
Pooter: A device for sucking up small organisms from leaves or under stones where it is dry near the edge of the pond.
Meter Rule or tape measure : for measuring the size of the pond or the depth of the water
Notebook and pencil: to draw diagrams and write down what you see
Hand lens: To make more detailed observations
Extra apparatus for making more detailed measurements
Thermometer: It may be useful to record the temperature of different parts of the water
Light meter: To measure the light intensity
Digital camera: Photographs can often tell you more things than a written description
How to keep safe
Keep away from the edge of the pond except where yoy are told it is safe.
Do not lean out over the water
Do not run or push anybody
Wash your hands as soon as you return.
What you do
Make a labelled sketch of the pond
Make a list of any animals of animals and plants you recognise
Remember it is important to write down where you see them as will as their name.
Record any interesting observations
Take some photographs of the area
What you can measure
The size of the pond (using the metre rule or tape measure)
The depth of the water in different places (You may need an adult to help with this)
The temperature of the water (using the thermometer)
The amount of light (using the light meter)
A cross section across a typical pond
How many of these questions can you answer?
1. What is the importance of the plants to the other life in the pond?
2. In what way does the depth of this pond vary as you move across the pond from the right?
3.Pick out of the diagram
4. write down one food chain from this pond:
Answers at the bottom of this page .. Scroll down to see them
Click here for Notes on Frogs
Answers to questions
1. Larger plants (like the reeds) provide shelter, protection and shade. The underwater plants (canaadian Pondweed) also provide food and oxygen for the water animals.
2. The pond gets deeper as you move to the right.
4. Food chain:
Pondweed Perch Heron
Pondweed Snail Kingfisher
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